People with diabetes
Gum disease may make it harder for diabetics to control their blood sugar, and diabetics are more likely to develop gum disease due to their increased susceptibility to infections.
Smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, making it difficult for infected gums to heal. It also leads to a build-up of plaque and a faster progression of gum disease.
People with high blood pressure
Some blood pressure medications can cause an overgrowth of the gums, making tooth cleaning difficult and allowing plaque to accumulate, leading to gum inflammation and eventually periodontitis.
People with arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis and gum disease are both inflammatory diseases and can make each other worse. People with rheumatoid arthritis may have a higher rate of gum disease, and gum disease in some patients may increase rheumatoid arthritis activity.
People who are stressed
Stress can suppress the immune system, making it easier for bacteria to thrive and causing increased attachment loss. People who are very stressed can also find it more difficult to look after their health, which can lead to a lack of effective oral hygiene and poor nutrition.
Women with adverse pregnancy outcomes
Adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as low birth weight, preterm birth, pre-eclampsia, and gestational diabetes have been linked to gum disease. Bacteria from gum disease may be transmitted from the bloodstream to the baby, so it is especially important that pregnant women take care of their dental health.